Initial Difficulties at the Establishment of Pakistan

Outline
1 PREFACE
2 INITIAL DIFFICULTIES OF PAKISTAN
1.Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government
2.Unfair Boundary Distrbution
3.The Massacre of Muslim Refugees in India
4.Division of Military and Finantial Assets
5.Canal Water Dispute
3 Kashmir Dispute
4 .Constitutional Problem
5 .Annexation of Princely States
6 Junagadh
7 Hyderabad Deccan
8 .Electrcity Problem 14 CONCLUSION -----------------------------------------------------------------------------


PREFACE
The emergence of Pakistan,after a long and ardous freedom movement,was infact a great victory of the democratic idea of life.The Indian Muslims happily and valiantly laid down their lives and properties to achieve a destination in which they saw the fulfillment of their dreams of living an independent life fre from Hindu or British dominance.Quaid-e-Azam on 15th August ,1947 said:
"My thoughts are with those valiant fighters in our cause who readily sacrificed all they had,including their lives,to make Pakistan possible."

INITIAL DIFFICULTIES OF PAKISTAN
From its very inception,Pakistan faced a large number of problems.Some of the initial difficulties were:
1.Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government
The first problem that Pakistan had to face was to choose a capital to form a Government and to establish a secretariat,Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan.Quaid-e-Azam took the office of the Governor General ,Liaqat Ali Khan was appointed as Prime Minister and a Cabinet of experienced persons was selected.Arrangements were to be made to bring the officials who had opted for Pakistan from Delhi to Karachi.
2.Unfair Boundary Distrbution
A boundry commission was set up under a British Chairman,Sir Cyril Redcliff.He misused his powers and handed over Muslim majority areas like Gurdaspur,Ferozpur,Jullander to India hence providing them a gateway to Kashmir.Quaid-e-Azam called it:
" An unjust,incomprehensible and even perverse award."
3.The Massacre of Muslim Refugees in India
On the birth of Pakistan,Hindus and Sikhs became more furious.In a planned move,Muslim properties were set on fire and they were compelled to leave Bharat for Pakistan with nothing but their lives.Millions of refugees were killed before they reached Pakistan.Many migrants were looted and had to be provided boarding immediately as they reached Pakistan.
4.Division of Military and Finantial Assets
In order to embarrass Pakistan financially ,India did a lot of dishonesty in the matters of Pakistan which were concerned with its benefits.Pakistan was promised to get Rs.750 million but the Bharat Government refused to give .Pakistan received only 200 million .Pakistan also did not receive the due share of the military assets.This dishonest attitude put Pakistan into great difficulties.
5.Canal Water Dispute
Most of the river flowing in Pakistan have their origin in India.In 1948,india stopped water supply to Pakistani canals to damage the Pakistani agriculture.However on 9th September ,1960 on agreement called "Indus Basin Treaty" was signed between the two countries.
Kashmir Dispute
Kashmir dispute is the most important and unsolved problem.Kashmir is the natural part of Pakistan becaouse at the time of partition 85% of the Kashmir's total population was Muslim.The Hindu dogra rule ,who was secretly with the Govenment of Indiadeclared Kashmir as a part of India.Pakistan has continously insisted that Kashmir must get their right of self determination but due to non-coperation of India,Kashmir issue still remain unsolved.
7.Constitutional Problem
The constituent assembly failed to frame a constitution even in eight years.Lack of a permanent constitution created ,chances of unsrupulous interference in democratic progress of Pakistan.
8.Annexation of Princely States
All Indian princely states were given the right to link up with either of dominions.However,the fate of following states remained undecided.
Junagadh
The Muslim Nawab governing junagadh favoured in acceding to Pakistan.But Indian Government sent Army troops towards Junagadh and occupied the stste by force in November,1947.
Hyderabad Deccan
Hyderabad Deccan was the largest and richest state ruled by Muslim ruler Nizam who decided to remain independent.But pressure tactics began to be applied by Indian Government and Mount Batten .India attacked Hyderabad on 13th September 1948 and forcibly annexed this state to India.
9.Electrcity Problem
Due to transfer of Muslim majority areas to Bharat and unfair demarcation,electricity system of West Punjab was disrupted ,because all power stations were at Mundi,a predominantly Muslim majority area,gifted to Bharat but Quiad-e-Azam said:
"If we are to exist as a nation ,we will have to face the problems with determination and force."

CONCLUSION
Pakistan came into being as a free Muslim state in quite unfavourable circumstances .It had no resources ,it had no resources,it had to build up its administrative machinery from a scratch.But Supreme efforts were made by the Quiad-e-Azam and his colligues to grapple with the situation .His golden principles "Unity " "Faith" and "Discipline" gave way to Pakistan for a bright future of a strong and well developed country .In his last message to the nation on 14th August 1948,he told the nation:
"The foundation of your state have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly and as you can."

58 comments:

Salman Shakeel said...

very interesting may Allah bless Pakistan

Anonymous said...

Good effort Mr. Waheed. Please mentio some more facts and figures to make this topic more clearer.

S.J said...

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Thanks

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faraz said...

very helpful

Anonymous said...

Thanks alot. It helped me through my assignment work.

Anonymous said...

Chutar phussy pad poti gobar tati pichkari

nouman kiani said...

its helpful thanks alot

nouman kiani said...

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Anonymous said...

I HATE PAK STUDIES SO MUCH

Anonymous said...

thanks, you saved my day...

Anonymous said...

Thanks for the information

Anonymous said...

thankks

Anonymous said...

Helped me with my exam god bless you.fuck india

Anonymous said...

Helped me in examx thank alot God bless Pakistan

Anonymous said...

not good

Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

thanks for guide me in exams

BAQAR ZAIDI said...

Good but need some more details

SHAHZAD ROY said...

THANKS FOR GUIDE ME IN EXAM MY DAER

Anonymous said...

It was such great difficulties !may Allah pak bless my homeland!Aameen

Anonymous said...

nice it helped me a lot in my internal exam Allah aap ko jazai khair ata farmai.

Anonymous said...

yaar aap inn kay solution bana tay tou shayad mein pass ho jata :'[
I HATE YOU.

Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

This is copied from my History Book
History And Culture Of Pakistan

ANAS AHMED said...

Thanks sir it is very helpful for me... inshallah i will get full marks in assignment...plz pray for me.

Anonymous said...

ty :)

Anonymous said...

Nice.this helped me a lot in my work.than

Anonymous said...

You laindooo.
translation:
You poop

Anonymous said...

We want notes of initial difficuilties 147-48

Anonymous said...

Sorry 1947

Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

sadaf sadiq
thank for gide me in exam my dear
18 october 2014

Anonymous said...

Thank you i got help from this

Turk Raja said...

marvellous work sir.keep it up..PAKISTAN ZINDABAD

azka nadeem said...

Thnx alot

Anonymous said...

Very good information... but app please knowledge ki source bhi mention kren..
Long life Pakistan!

Anonymous said...

In Information ko Study krne k bad to aisa lgta hai .. jese Pakistan Muslims k lye bna ho .. na k Kisi Pathan, Sindhi, Ya Mahajir etc. k lye..
In information men kisi bhi Qaum ka Zikar nhi Siwaey, Hindu, Muslims, Sikhs.
Phir ye Politicians Q kehty hen k Mahajir qaum, Hindustan se bhooky aey thy.. :( ~_~...
Ye Pakistan ISLAM k nam pe bna hai ... Ramzan ki 27 ve shab ko ALLAH ne dya ... ye Inaam hai Muslims k lye ... chahye wh Muslim , Hindustan ka ho ya UK ka, Afghanistan ka ho ya USA ka.
Long Life Muslims.
Long Life Pakistam.
---------------
B.R
SINUH

Abdul Hameed said...

good notes by Mr Abdul WAHEED

Anonymous said...

Its good but please try to give in a proper answer form it will be more helpfull

Ayoub khan said...

Hmmm nice but spelling mistakes confused during reading :)

Anonymous said...

very helpful

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Anonymous said...

(Y)

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Anonymous said...

thanks but improvement is needed

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Hassaan Raza said...

Very nicely done ... Thanks sir .. It helped a lot in my preparation for exam...

Hassaan Raza said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Hassaan Raza said...

Just that in preface 1st para its "ardour" meaning (garm joshi) not ardous

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Uneeb Ahmed said...

Kachra and bakwas answer

Anonymous said...

Sir these points are good but give some more summarized answers

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