Objective Resolution

Outline
1 PREAMBLE
2 FIRST CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY
3 OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION
4 SALIENT FEATURES OF OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION
5 Sovereignty Belongs to Allah
1.Federal System
2.Golden Principles of Islam
3.Supreme Authority of the People
4.Life According to the Teachings of Islam
5. Protection of the Rights of Minorities
6. Equal Rights to Citizens
7. Development of Under Developed Areas
8. Independence Judiciary
6 OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION AND LIAQAT ALI KHAN
7 IMPORTANCE OF THE OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION
8 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF COMMITEE

9 CONCLUSION

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PREAMBLE
Pakistan is the first nation in the world whose creation was based on the religious motives.It was becase of this reason that the popular and famous slogan of "Pakistan ka matlab kia? LaIllaha Illallah." Was the main basis of the demand of Pakistan.Byt at the very outset of its establishment,it had no Islamic constitution of its own,so according to the Independence act of 1947,the Govenment of India act 1935,with certain amendments was adopted by Pakistan.However,a new constitution was to be framed for the country since the old act 1935 did not contain everything required for an independent Islamic State.

FIRST CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY
In order to establish a society based on the Islamic principles,a constituent assembly was formed in 1947 with Quid-e-Azam as its leader.The responsibility of making a constitution of Pakistanrested on constituent assembly.
However,with the death of Quid-e-Azam on 11th september 1948,the responsibility of framing the constitution fell onto the shoulders of the first Prime Minister ,Liaqat Ali Khan.

OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION
This resolution was passed by the First Constituent Assembly in March 1949 under leader ship of Liaqat Ali Khan.It contained those objectives on which the future constitution was to be based as stated by the founder of the nation,Quid-e-Azam in February 1948,said:
"The constitution of PakBoldistan will be democratic and based on the fundamental laws of Islam....Islam and its ideology has tought us the lesson of democracy."

SALIENT FEATURES OF OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION
The salient features of the objective Resolution are as fellows:
Sovereignty Belongs to Allah
The resolution clearly laid down that sovereignty over the entire Universe belongs to Almighty Allah alone and the autorities to be exercised by the people of Pakistan are a sacred trust.
1.Federal System
Federal system of Government will be introduced in Pakistan.
2.Golden Principles of Islam
Principles of Democracy,equality,freedom and social justice as laid down by Islam shall be fully observed.
3.Supreme Authority of the People
The sovereignty of the state will be established through the elcted representative of the people.
4.Life According to the Teachings of Islam
The Muslims shall be provided with opportunity to order their lives in accordance with the teachings and requirements of Islam.
5.Protection of the Rights of Minorities
The Rights and intrests of the minorities to freely profess and practice their religion will be protected.
6.Equal Rights to Citizens
All citizens will enjoy their rights on the principle of equality.
7.Development of Under Developed Areas
All efforts will be made for the development and progress of the under developed areas.
8.Independence Judiciary
Judiciary will be independent.

OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION AND LIAQAT ALI KHAN
While introducing the resoltion in the constituent assembly,Liaqat Ali Khan said:
" The ideals that promised the demand for Pakistan should form the corner stone of the state.When we use the word 'Democracy'in the Islamic sense it pervades all aspects of life.It relates to the system of government and to our society with equal validity because one of the greatest contributions of Islam has been the equality of all men"

IMPORTANCE OF THE OBJECTIVE RESOLUTION
This resolution is of fundamental importance in the history of constitutions making in Pakistan because from the first constitution of 1956 till the constitution of 1973 (present constitution) whatever constitution was framed it was based on this objective resolutionIt contains those steps and principles which were to be taken for the fulfilment of the basic aim of the freedom struggle that is the establishment of anIslamic society in Pakista.Hence,it is a significant document in the constitutional history of Pakistan.
When Liaqat Ali Khan visited America ,in the course of his speech at New Orleans ,he said:
"We believe in God and his supreme sovereignty because we believe that civic life must have an ethical content and a higher purpose .But democracy,social justice,equality of opportunity and equality before the law of citizens inrrespective of their race and creed are also aspects of faith with us."

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF COMMITEE
After passing the objective resolution ,the constituent assembly of Pakistan set up a "basic Principle Commitee" to spell out proposals for the constitution in accordance with the guidelines contained in the objective resolution.

CONCLUSION
All the above mentioned principles were presented in the objective resolution that is why this resolution is considered an important event in the constitutional history of the country.It was accepted by all classes of people.It provided a guideline fot the future constitutions of Pakistan which were passed in 1956,1962,1973.It consisted of such princples which revealed that character of constitution shall be Islamic

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

great notes but should be in proper and easy words so that students who had not intrest in pakistan stdies. could understand

Shaharyaar Kabani said...

auwsum buddy keep it up and thank u

Anonymous said...

interesting I like

Anonymous said...

Gud

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