1 Justification of the demand of Pakistan
3 THE BASIS OF THE CREATION OF PAKISTAN
4 1.Religious Differences
5 2.Cultural Differences
6 3.Educational Differences
8 THE POLICY OF CONFLICT
9 ATROCITIES OF CONGRESS ON MUSLIMS
10 HINDU MUSLIM RIOTS 11 CONCLUSION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hindus and Muslims had lived peacefully together in India for centuries,but after the British invation in South Asia and their undue support to Hindus,life became very difficult for Indian Muslims.In fact, the Muslims were a separate nation who always adhered to their religious identity.The British and the Hindus in spite of their great efforts could not put a wedge into the Muslim unity and their national image and religious identity.
THE BASIS OF THE CREATION OF PAKISTAN
The two nation theory was the basis of the struggle for the creation of Pakistan which held that Hindus and Muslims were to separate nations.On one occation ,Quaid-e-Azam said:
"Hindus and Muslims though living in the same towns and villages,had never been blended into one nation.They were always two separate entties."
There were a few factors which split the inhabitants of the Sub Continent into two nations.Let us examine each of them separately.
Hindus and Muslims belong to different religions.Muslims believe in the Tawheed (Oneness of Allah )
and equality of men.On the other hand ,Hindus believe in multiple Gods and Hindu society is divided iinto four different classes.Thus there lies the basic difference between Hindu and Muslim way.
Hindus and Muslims followed different social customs and traditions.The Hindus burnt their dead bodies while Muslims buriedthem.Hindus considered the 'mother cow' as a sacred animal and worshipped it while Muslims slaaughtered it.
The Hindus had advanced in the educational field because they readily and quickly took to the English education .The Muslims did not recieve modern education ,which heavily affected their economic condition.
Muslims and Hindus wrote and spoke two different languages .'The language of Muslims was Urdu and it was written in Arabic script.On the other hand ,Hindus spoke Hindi and it was written in Sanskrit.Even this small difference led to a stirring conflict between the two nations.
THE POLICY OF CONFLICT
By the biginning of twenteeth 20th century,the even had taken a new turn.The Hindus and British had
joined hands to destroy the Muslims morally,socially,economically and politically.They reseved all higher civil, judicial and military appointments for Britishers only while Muslims were debarred from all official positions.The Islamic educational system was replaced by British one.Then Muslims were forced to change their religion to Christanity and were compelled to send their children to co-educational institutes and abandon pardha.
ATROCITIES OF CONGRESS ON MUSLIMS
After formation of Congress Ministers Muslims had to bear their opressive and tyrannical rule.Muslims were forbidden to eat beef.Those who sloughtered 'Mother Cow' was killed.Islam was humiliated ,prayers and Azans were interrupted. Hindi was made the official language.In addition to these ,they launched a scheme called "Vidya Mandir Scheme" to convert non Hindus to Hindus.Congress clearly stated:
"India belongs to the Hindus and if Muslims wish to live in India,They should accept Hinduism."
According to Nehru three coloured flags were hoisted to prove that:
"There are only two parties in the country .The Congress and the British."
HINDU MUSLIM RIOTS
The Hindu Muslim riots increased during the Congress rule throughout the country.The Hindus were free to make the Muslims victims of their high handedness.The houses of Muslims were set on fire.Massacre of the Muslims became the routine of the day.
On the basis of above mentioned factors and bitter attitude of British and Congress the Muslims apprehended that they would lose their entity if they remained a part of Hindu society.Therefore they quitted Congress and demanded separate land on the ground that they were different nation from Hindus.Accrding to Quaid-e-Azam:
"The Muslims demanded Pakistan where they can rule in accrdance with their own system of life,their cultural development ,their traditions and Islamic law."