1 DEFINITION OF IDEOLOGY
2 IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
3 TWO NATION CONCEPT
4 FACTORS CREATING THE IDEA OF A SEPARATE HOMELAND
5 1.Anti Muslim Campaign
6 2.Inacceptance of British Rule
7 3.Hindus Betrayed Muslims
8 4.Refusal of Muslim identity
9 5.War of 1857
10 6.Sir Syed's Idea
11 BASIC POINTS OF IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
12 IMPORTANCE OF IDEOLOGY IN NATIONAL LIFE 13 CONCLUSION
DEFINITION OF IDEOLOGY
Science of ideas,visionary speculations,manner of thinking ,characteristic of a class or individual,ideas on the basis of some economic,social or political theory or system is called Ideology.It contains those ideals,which a nation strives to accomplish in order to bring stability to its nationhood.Defining ideology ,George Lewis says:
"Ideology is a plan or program which is based upon philosphy".
IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
Pakistan is an Ideological state and the ideology of Pakistan is an Islamic ideology.Its basic princple being:
"The only sovereigner is Allah".
Islam acted as a nation building force before the establishment of Pakistan.Ideology of Pakistan basically means that Pakistan should be a state where the Muslims should have an opportunity to live according to the faith and creed based on the Islamic principles.They should have all the resources at the disposal to enhence Islamic culture and civilization.Quid-e-Azam once said:
"Pakistan was created the day the first Indian national entered the field of Islam".
From the above statement ,it is clear that Ideology of Pakistan is an Islamic one.
TWO NATION CONCEPT
The fundamental concept of Ideology is that Muslims should get a separate identity.They should have a separate state where they could live according to Islamic rules and principles ,profess their religion freely and safeguard Islamic tradition .On one occation Quid-e-Azam said:
"The Muslims demand Pakistan where they can rule in accordance with their own system of life ,their cultural development ,their traditions and Islamic laws."
Thus,this fundamental concept of Ideology led to the concept of two nations in the Sub Continent and resulted in the formation of Pakistan.
FACTORS CREATING THE IDEA OF A SEPARATE HOMELAND
Ideology of Pakistan was created when Muslims of Indo-Pak Sub Continent developed a specific atitude of mind that they are different from Hindus.This was due to the injstices done to the Muslims by British and Hindus.Some of these are:
1.Anti Muslim Campaign
The Hindus and British joined hands to destroy the faith,belief,costoms and national importance of Muslims because Muslims rebillion was creating much problem for both.
2.Inacceptance of British Rule
Muslims had been ruling the Sub Continent for ages.Therefore,they could not resist any power over them,When Britsh came to rule the Sub Continent ,Muslims were the only nation who opposed them.Thus,in order to gain power,British had to crush the Muslims collectivity.
3.Hindus Betrayed Muslims
In the beginning ,Hindus appeaared to be on Muslim's side,but later on their hostility was exposed as they opposed various steps taken by British Government which purely benefited for Muslims.
4.Refusal of Muslim identity
British wanted to implement parliamentary system in Sub Continent in which the majority was the power and authority.Due to Hindu majority it was probablethat if British left India undivided,it would fall under the Hindus rule.Further more ,Hindus did not accept the separate identity of Muslims and thus,there were no chances of freedom even after the British rule.
5.War of 1857
In 1857,Muslims and Hindus tried to expel the British out of India but failed .Later due to Hindu conspiracies,Muslims were held responsible for it and hence were crushed further by Britishers.
6.Sir Syed's Idea
Sir Syed for the first time put down the idea that Muslims are a separate nation.He convinced Muslims to unite themselves in order to have a separate social and political identity.
BASIC POINTS OF IDEOLOGY OF PAKISTAN
1.Muslims are different Hindus in every aspects,their culture ,civilization,customs and religion all are entirely different.
2.The Muslims need a free state for protection of their separate where they can live in accordance with their faith,belief and follow the Islamic codes.
IMPORTANCE OF IDEOLOGY IN NATIONAL LIFE
Ideology is a motivating force for a nation,which is striving hard to bring stability and homogeneity to its nation hood.Its provide the binding force to the scattered groups in a societyand bring them close to each other on a common platform.Ideologies impel their adherence to follow a joint linked action for the accomplishment of their goal.Ideologies give shape to the revolutions and create new cultures and civilizations.They stress on their adherents to insist on the realization of their ideal throught total transformation of society.An urgent agreement with each other on the ideals is most vital pre-requisite of an ideology.
The fundamental concept of ideology of Pakistan is that Muslims are a separate nation having their own culture,literature ,religion and way of life.They cannot be merged in any other nation.They should be able to develop their culture and religious traditions in an Islamic State and they should be able to create a true Islamic society for themselves.
Thus the ideology of Pakistan which developed through the period of Mohammad Bin Qasim and others and followed by political leaders like Quid-e-Azam was materialized in 1947.