Pakistanis remember Muhammad Ali Jinnah with his title Quaid-e-Azam, the greatest leader’. Jinnah is certainly the greatest leader, not only, for the Muslims but he is counted among the world leaders of consummate caliber.. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the architect of a separate and sovereign homeland for the Muslims of South Asia. He articulated the aspirations of the Indian Muslims which ultimately culminated into the creation of
Quaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah’s personality marked unique features. He was tall and towering, handsome and heroic, dashing and dominant, incorruptible and invulnerable, practical and pragmatic -- a man of high principles and great probity. He was an able advocate, a leading lawyer, a profound parliamentarian, a super statesman, a dynamic mass leader, and above all, one of the great nation builders in modern times.
Historians of the Quaid have focused for the most part, on his gargantuan achievement of
From his first appearance in Indian polities in 1904, membership of Indian National Congress in 1906, and election to the Imperial Legislative Council in 1910, he espoused national causes, with a infatuation and conviction all his own, such as Compulsory primary education, freedom of association, of expression, and of the press, curbing of executive power from Bureaucracy to Democracy, recruitment of Indians in Civil Services as well as in the army. However, his brilliant advocacy of such All-India causes, which made him acceptable to all sections of the people, never made him unconscious of his basic and fundamental duty to his own community. He spared no efforts to advance the interests of Indian Muslims from the platform of the Indian National Congress and other representative bodies. It was because of him that the heart of Muslim India, always passionately faithful to its own spiritual and moral traditions became suddenly and vividly aware also of its own inheritance politically and its own responsibility in shaping the national future for freedom.
“Motivated by a deep sense of history, Jinnah concluded early in his life that the British would one day depart from
All the 22 Indian members of the Legislative Council opposed the Rowlett Bill but the 34 British members rubber-stamped it on
Viceroy Chelmsford, it appears, was glad over Jinnah's resignation from the Legislative Council because without "Jinnah's acid tongue and razor-sharp mind", life on this Council would be more comfortable for the white rulers of
When The Quaid got down in organizing the Muslim League, under his dynamic leadership, it was metamorphosed in telescoped time into a mass movement, and in the space of just about a decade it founded a state. He was the inspiration, strategist negotiator, orator and organizer of the League - a sort of one-man political bureau as it were. In his career at the Bar, in his personal and political life, are to be found just those qualities of courage, of hard work applied to the mastery of detail, of impeccable integrity, of dedication to duty, of solicitude to human concerns, which were essential to a public career. How could the "autocratic", cold, calculating figure of common perception of his distracters has spontaneously attracted the unswerving loyalty of so many veteran politicians, and of countless party workers? It was not as a "dictator" that he exercised power, but as a man with the poise, persuasive skill and uncanny ability to elicit consent and compromise from friends and foes alike. Quiad-i-Azam was an incisive and perspicacious lawyer, an atypical politician, a consummate parliamentarian, and a man of wisdom and high purpose, with an impeccable honesty and indomitable courage. He fought heroically for a Muslim resurgence in the subcontinent and most decisively swayed the battle against the British imperial power as well as the Hindu congress. As for his personality and position as a leader of the Muslims of India is concerned, Beverley Nichols, an English journalist, commented in his famous book “Verdict on
“Mr. Jinnah is in a position of unique strategic importance. He can sway the battle his way or that as he chooses. His 100 million Muslims will march to the left, to the right, to the front, to the rear at his bidding and at nobody else’s…that is the point. It is not the same in the Hindu ranks. If Gandhi goes, there is Nehru, or Rajagopalachri, or Patel or a dozen others. But if Jinnah goes, who is there? By this I do not mean that the Muslim League will disintegrate---it is far too homogeneous and virile a body---but that its actions would incalculable. It might run completely off the rails, and charge through
Jimail-uddin Ahmed’ quoted in his book “Creation of Pakistan” that even Lord Mountbatten for all his animosity towards
“If it could be said that any single man held the future of
A philosopher has said, "Ordinary minds talk too much and do little, extra-ordinary minds talk as well as do more, but the greatest minds act in silence." The Quaid was simple, calm, sober and serene. He used to burn oil. Once asked why he slept little and remained awake for most part of the night. Apt came the reply "I keep awake as my community mostly remains asleep." His ideal for a separate homeland was so important and lofty that he cared little for food, rest and other worldly deeds, even at the cost of his failing health.
No other leader had the unswerving loyalty of his people as he did on the eve of taking oath as the Governor-General of Pakistan, the Quaid said, "It was not I alone who achieved
“The colonial civil service was the only professional instrument of the government, and few Muslim civil servants had much if any experience in managing departments, agencies or for that matter, taking charge of day-to-day operations. Suddenly, advanced into high position, they took their cues from Jinnah, who spurred them on to higher levels of achievement. The selflessness exhibited by government officials in those first tiring weeks, and the discipline and professionalism of career officers were a tribute to Jinnah’s looming presence. So much had been sacrificed and so many depended upon the integrity of those in key position that no one was permitted to consider failure an option. It has been said that without the leadership of M.A. Jinnah,
The Quaid-e-Azam takes his place in history among men, who have shaped the destinies of nations by the great causes they have championed and the mission they have accomplished in their lifetime. Like George Washington and Lincoln, Disraeli and Gladstone, or his contemporaries, Gokhale and Gandhi, he was a statesman of outstanding stature in the subcontinent. Pre-eminent though his contribution was in the realm of politics, he did not claim to be the innovator of a new political theory or the author of a new political system.
He had fought his political battles with the British on their own ground. The people of the subcontinent, once he argued, were not a different species from the rest of mankind to be denied the right of self-government, which the people of
On his death
The far sightedness of Jinnah’s views makes them relevant to the issues faced by
‘Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.’
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