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The man who piloted the ship of Muslim freedom movement and ultimately brought it to the shores of independence was not destined to live long after the realization of his age long dream. His contributions as a creator of
It is highly unfortunate for a man who dedicated all his life to transform the dream of Iqbal into reality, to die after (shortly) realization of poet’s dream. The freedom movement drained even the last ounce of the energy out of him. The Lord gave him slightly more than a year to look after the newly created state. Due to precautious health he could not dedicate all his time to build the fabric of infant state. But in more than a year, in face of enormous problems, he did a lot for the consolidations of
The real assessment for his achievements as Governor General can only be made if we go through briefly over the problems which were faced by
i) A part of the government record was destroyed during transit through
ii) Manpower for government were yet to be assembled from various provinces.
iii) Lack of trained staff in government departments.
iv) Disorganization in communal system.
c) Riots in
d) Economic constraints
e) Rehabilitations of refugees.
But in spite of all these problems; Jinnah did a lot to extricate the infant state from unthinkable difficulties. He was successful to redress these problems turn by turn.
I) Revival of the doomed spirit:
He had realized that the morale of the public was at the lowest ebb. He therefore decided to rehabilitate and restore the confidence and morale of the people. He delivered inspiring speeches which filled people with enthusiasm. His words made a profound impression on the public and mitigated the existing despair and tension.
His first stem was to address the government servants in
….this is a challenge to our very existence and if we are to survive as a nation we shall have to face the problems with redoubled zeal and energy. Our masses are today disorganized, their morale is exceeding low and we shall have to do something to pull them out of this state and galvanize them into activity. All throws additional responsibility on government servants to who in our people are looking for guidance.”
His words revived the drooping spirits.
II) Removal of military from
The decision of reduction of forces from
III) Steps in migrate tension with
Jinnah’s government followed a policy of goodwill and friendliness towards
IV) Transfer of
A serious question of separation of
V) Accession of Kalat:
Apart from being governor general, Jinnah towards the end of his life assumed the responsibility for the newly created “Ministry of state and the tribal areas”. His memorial achievements in this sphere was setting of the question of accession of the huge borders of state of Kalat which could have given much more trouble than settlement of Hyderabad question brought to India.
VI) Formation of first Cabinet:
Under the leadership of Liaqat Ali Khan, a loyal lieutenant of Jinnah, was established the first Pakistan Cabinet. This newly formed cabinet amid at the construction of administrative structure and rehabilitation of refugees.
VII) State Bank of
He fully realized the financial problems and need for sound financial institutions. He, therefore, took personal interest in the economic activity of the newly independent state and established SBP. Their functions were specified.
VIII) Establishment of the Federal Court:
Being the constitutionalist and apposite of indiscrimination justice, he laid the foundation of federal court at
IX) Membership of UNO:
Jinnah was a firm believer of peaceful existence and fully realized the importance of UN membership for
X) Relations with Islamic World:
Jinnah was a staunch believer of Muslim unity. Even during the freedom movement he supported Palestinians and Indonesians for their right of self determination. The corner-stone of his foreign policy was solidarity among the Muslim Ummah. His main emphases were on Middle Eastern countries. He sent delegations to different Islamic countries.
Already drained Jinnah could no longer witness his newly created state becoming mature. But the time he got from the Lord was fully utilized by him to build